During a pretrial conference this week, a federal magistrate reminded both sides to preserve all digital evidence, which got me thinking about the cloud computing and my paperless law office. If you still use paper files, what happens if your office goes up in flames?

Although there are privacy concerns with cloud computing, switching to a paperless office makes it easy to have a reliable backup.

Going paperless saves money

Storing paper files takes up space and space tends to cost money. Not only are you paying for space itself, there are utility payments, costs for giant file cabinets, and perhaps paying staff to look after the storage spaces.

If you go paperless and use a digital backup, the hard drive should occupy less than a cubic foot. Spending a couple hundred bucks on a nice external drive is a lot cheaper than renting storage space.

Going paperless makes it easy to backup your files

Going paperless will not only save money, it might save your tail. If you keep paper files, do you have backups? What would happen if your office caught fire? Even if you you do not use a cloud backup, you can still easily create a digital backup on an external hard drive.

Hopefully, you store an external drive in another secure location—which protects you from an office fire wiping out everything. You can also purchase fireproof external drives that claim to be just like aircraft black boxes. They cost more than a regular external drive, but a quick search revealed that fireproof drives are available for under $300—well worth the peace of mind.

If you do use cloud storage, your files should be securely stored (and backed up) in more than once location. Either way, backing up files should be a breeze for a paperless office.



  1. LawyerBlog says:

    Thanks. The other major concerns with cloud computing is software infringement and getting your data back at termination.

  2. @LawyerBlog: What are you referring to when you say software infringement? And getting data back may have been an issue in the early days of web applications but that concern has been put out back in the same place where I threw all my legacy servers and external hard drives.

    “I can have thousands of people collaborating with me in the cloud, people anywhere who will be able to hear my songs in real time and influence that,” – Will.I.Am

  3. Lawyers interested in a paperless office should not rely on external hard drives. Rather, they should store their data on a network-attached storage (NAS) device that supports transparent encryption and RAID. A NAS makes the information accessible to all users on a network, which is convenient for companies with multiple users. Furthermore, centralizing valuable data on the NAS makes it easier to encrypt, back up, and protect against hard drive failure using RAID technology. Lastly, most business-class RAID devices support transparent encryption, which protects against disaster if a laptop or storage device is lost or stolen.

    I personally use a Synology DS210j with two hard drives set up in a RAID 1, which keeps my data redundantly stored on both hard drives. The data is protected using AES encryption by the NAS, and only users with passwords can access the data. Our systems are set up to map the network storage folder as a hard drive, which makes it easy to use. (Incidentally, we use TrueCrypt 7.0 to encrypt the system volumes of all the computers in our office.) The NAS is set up to use RSYNC to copy all of the data onto an encrypted system in a remote location (aka my apartment).

    The issue with cloud computing is the specter of infringement. If a cloud service uses an unlicensed patent to implement its product, end users may be liable for infringement. Look at your cloud contract. Does it contain a warranty of non-infringement or an indemnity against the same? You may be surprised. The EULA for Onebox, for instance, explicitly disclaims any warranty of non-infringement.

    I would keep my files locally because it’s really not that hard to do. A NAS can be set up pretty quickly, and if you set up two Synology NAS devices at different locations, it is very easy to have them RSYNC automatically every evening.

    • Sam Glover Sam Glover says:

      A NAS is way overkill for most lawyers and law firms. Why bother mucking around with a NAS when you have copies of client files on each computer and in the cloud with Dropbox, and backed up to an external hard drive, to boot? How much more redundancy do you need?

      Plus, a NAS doesn’t give you the same flexibility and sharing options that you get with Dropbox or something similar. I don’t want local copies. I want copies wherever I go, and in the cloud so that I can access them wherever I am, whether I’ve got a computer with me, or not.

      As for this idea of end-user, third-party patent infringement, I’m with Danny. That’s crazy talk.

  4. I couldn’t disagree with William more. Why set up your own servers and get NASA involved if experts have already done it? Moving to the cloud should be synonymous with going paperless. Especially in a small business environment.

    I’m going to have to talk to the Boston Red Sox about this idea of software infringement with cloud computing. Because that is coming out of left field. But if Carl Crawford is any indication, outfielders are worth a lot…

    • Attorneys may set up a NAS rather than rely on the cloud because:

      (1) Their data is encrypted and protected from everyone except for end users;
      (2) I can choose which third-parties I disclose the information to; read the Dropbox license—where does it say it will not disclose your information to a third party?;
      (3) For day-to-day operations, key information is accessible by a company MUCH faster on the network than on Dropbox;
      (4) A NAS is not that expensive or difficult, and provides a high level of reliability;
      (5) A NAS provides a centralized backup of all your office systems, and then only the NAS has to be backed up to an encrypted external hard drive;
      (6) A NAS can hold 2 TB of data in a RAID configuration for less than $500. Try to hold 2 TB on Dropbox.

      • Sam Glover Sam Glover says:

        You seem to have a fundamental misunderstanding of how Dropbox works. My files are stored on my hard drive, not “in Dropbox.” Dropbox takes care of encrypting the files and syncing them through a secure SSL connection, and storing them—encrypted—on its servers.


        1. Dropbox also encrypts my data (my files are also encrypted on my hard drive, by the way, but not with Dropbox)
        2. I can choose which people I share my data with (I’m not sure you have read the Dropbox license)
        3. My hard drive—where my files are stored—is faster than your network
        4. Dropbox is cheaper than your NAS, and way easier to set up and maintain
        5. So does Dropbox
        6. Okay, but I don’t need 2 TB; I need way less than the 100 GB I get with Dropbox
        • You’re missing the point. Dropbox can disclose the information to third parties if they wanted to do so. There’s no obligation on them to keep your information secret only on court order or subpoena or to comply with a law enforcement process. =/

          • Sam Glover Sam Glover says:

            The only information Dropbox can disclose to third parties is my name and e-mail address, since it cannot access my files, which are encrypted according to its ToS. Not too worried about that. I’ve never gotten Dropbox-related spam.

  5. Randall Ryder says:

    Fireproof hard drives people! Fireproof!

  6. William Chuang says:

    It’s hilarious how lawyers are ignoring the issue of patent infringement. You can say the risk is small (which I believe) but there’s no way you can say the problem doesn’t exist. Look at the section from DropBox’s license agreement.


    Read that over a few times. There’s no warranty of security or non-infringement or losing all of your data. Perhaps that fine for some lawyers but the data is my (and my clients’) livelihoods. I would not want to lose it or have it leaked.

    A NAS costs less than $400 and takes maybe an hour to set up for anyone of minimal technical competency. You can have your computers back up onto NAS, then back up the NAS onto an external hard drive once in a while or have it back up onto another remotely-located NAS. You can also remotely access all of your files from the NAS.

    • Sam Glover Sam Glover says:

      There is no warranty regarding infringement because there is no risk. Users aren’t liable for the company’s patent infringement.

      As for data loss, of course they aren’t promising anything. But the whole point of Dropbox is that you also have a copy on your hard drive. If Dropbox vanishes overnight, it won’t impact our client’s files at all. We’ll still have them, and the copies on Dropbox’s servers are encrypted, so there isn’t much risk of them falling into anyone else’s hands.

      • Sam,

        I agree that DropBox retains a copy of the documents on your hardware. But your statement that “there is no risk” of intellectual property infringement is absolutely untrue. The risk is negligible, as I’ve said before, but there is such a risk.

        DropBox’s services may implement a method that cause end users to infringe. In this event, DropBox is liable for contributory infringement while their clients are liable for actual infringement. You will see case law on this topic, most notably, the Metabolite case, wherein a correlation between a test result and a diagnosis was patented, and thus doctors interpreting a test result to make a diagnosis would be infringing (in their minds!) while the lab company was liable for contributory infringement.

        It is a very small risk. However, most large companies that use cloud services will insist on a warranty of non-infringement and an indemnity to that effect. Small users like you and me won’t get them, of course, but the big guys do get them all the time.


  7. I also wanted to add that if your firm has more than three employees who need to access files, you need a NAS. An external hard drive works for a true solo attorney who doesn’t have a paralegal or secretary who needs to access the documents.

    A NAS is onsite, and you can set up user accounts to limit access to those who really need it. Even if the Internet goes down, you can access the files. You can also get access to the files from the Internet when you’re on the road.

    Dropbox has no way to encrypt your files on the client-side. That means the information is being stored on their systems without any encryption. Think about that.

    • Sam Glover Sam Glover says:

      Dropbox encrypts your data before it leaves your computer, and stores it encrypted on its servers. You’re just plain wrong on that count.

      Also, Dropbox allows far more people to access files from far more locations than a NAS would.

      • Sam,

        Respectfully, again, you are wrong. Dropbox does NOT do client-side encryption. In fact, that’s one of the biggest requests from their users. Right now, Dropbox sends the data through an SSL tunnel, which protects the data from men in the middle attacks—but Dropbox receives the information without encryption. Dropbox then performs the encryption process, which is great, but that means that Dropbox can read the information. I guess I should have clarified my complaint is that Dropbox can read your data—the encryption does not protect your data from them.

        Client-side encryption means that the client software will encrypt the files and then submit only the encrypted stream to Dropbox. In other words, Dropbox would never gets your information in plain text as they currently do. This is a legitimate concern.

        A NAS allows you to access files from any where with Internet access. I would say that this would be the same as DropBox.


        • Sam Glover Sam Glover says:

          I dunno. This looks pretty clear to me:

          “Dropbox uses military grade encryption methods to both transfer and store your data.”


          • Shared folders are viewable only by people you invite.
          • All transmission of file data and metadata occurs over an encrypted channel (SSL).
          • All files stored on Dropbox servers are encrypted (AES-256).
          • Dropbox website and client software have been hardened against attacks from hackers.
          • Dropbox employees are not able to view any user’s files.
          • Online access to your files requires your username and password.
          • Public files are only viewable by people who have a link to the file(s). Public folders are not browsable or searchable.


          • Sam,

            You are confirming that there is no client-side encryption. Dropbox may claim their employees cannot read the documents, but how can you verify that? Furthermore, there is no contractual obligation for them not to disclose your information to third parties.

            The fact is that Dropbox gets access to your unencrypted data, and they don’t really promise not to disclose your information to third parties. Moreover, you don’t have a right to delete all the information from their servers once you choose to leave their service. Data retention policies become almost impossible to enforce since Dropbox may have a copy of your information sitting somewhere.

            Dropbox may be fine for most people. But as an attorney, I want to protect my clients’ data from disclosure to third parties. I want to decide who can and cannot get the data. Dropbox makes no such endeavor to keep my data only within my control.

            We can disagree, but the plain fact is that Dropbox gets your unencrypted data, and can basically do with it as they please.


          • I don’t think encryption is the issue with Dropbox. It’s scalability, having to locally encrypt and locally store data.

            A business with over 10 employees would never use a dropbox tool to manage their firms files…they would either have to use some type of network + dropbox to share or move to a true web based document management for lawyers.

  8. Derek A. says:

    @William Chuang

    I haven’t actually done this, so I don’t know for a fact that it’s possible, but couldn’t users simply use TrueCrypt on their dropbox accounts – just as you do on your office machines – to effectively add client-side encryption to their dropbox data, thereby alleviating your concerns?

    Great post/comments, by the way!

  9. Hey, Guys,

    I used to negotiate software licenses so the Dropbox License Agreement started ringing all kinds of warning alarms. Dropbox never says it cannot access your information, but rather that their employees cannot. I’m sure that they have to comply with subpoenas. After all, the data reaches their computers unencrypted due to the lack of client-side encryption. One of the worst-case scenarios is bankruptcy. In that case, all the information stored on their servers are considered assets that may be liquidated unless there is a contractual obligation not to disclose.

    As for Derek’s point, yes, you can create a TrueCrypt volume on the Dropbox. However, this increases the amount of time it takes to synchronize across all your systems because it shows up as one huge file to Dropbox. I back up the mission critical stuff (just the client files) onto Dropbox by using Cobian to pull the files off the NAS, then encrypt them file-by-file. This creates a backup of the client files that is secure and has versions in case I fat-finger the file server.

    I am not dismissing the choice to use Dropbox. Cloud services are very important to modern small businesses. However, the considerations that go into these choices are important, and it is always a great idea to point out exactly what risks we’re taking when we use cloud services.


    • Sam Glover Sam Glover says:

      “the data reaches their computers unencrypted”

      You keep saying this, and as far as I can tell from Dropbox’s website, it is not true. The Dropbox utility encrypts your data and sends it to Dropbox over a secure connection, and stores it, encrypted, on Dropbox’s servers.

      • Sam,

        Client-side encryption means that the heavy-duty AES encryption occurs on your computer before it is transmitted to Dropbox. That’s the most secure method of implementing remote storage because no one except for you can access your data. Dropbox does not do this. It sends unencrypted data over a SSL tunnel where Dropbox servers encrypt it.

        There are reasons Dropbox does not want to do client-side encryption. First, it makes it impossible to implement features such as versioning. Second, if you lose your password in a client-side model, there is no way for Dropbox to get your data.

        However, even a rudimentary amount of research will show that Dropbox does NOT implement client-side encryption.


  10. Since I kind of unintentionally started the debate I feel it’s my duty to re-enter.

    I guess I’d agree and disagree with both of you. DropBox is good for consumers and sole practitioners but can’t scale to small to mid sized law practices. And unlike Sam and Will, I don’t want to have to store my files on my hardrive. I want all of my document organized, searchable, encrypted and managed from the cloud.

    Miley Cyrus said it first but I’ll repeat it…it’s the best of both worlds.

  11. Randall Ryder says:

    So basically you all agree that fireproof hard drives are the solution? Point: Randall.

  12. NetDocuments employee and future law school student
    This got longer than I wanted it to be

    I’m obviously not a DropBox Vampire like Sam, but I am familiar with it and have stayed in a Holiday Inn Express. Also, I just perused the DropBox forums and there is no searching tool on the web interface (unless you only want to search file names) which leaves searching up to the OS which is rudimentary at best, unusable at worst, and full text search is out of the question. NetDocuments will dynamically profile your documents by case, by matter, by client or however you want and makes all content, discovery documents, and emails, full text searchable. And I didn’t even touch on document comparison, sharing or other traditional document management function that attorneys are accustomed to.

    NetDocuments was built with lawyers and your work in process documents in mind. That’s why huge firms like Dorsey Whitney, Jackson Lewis and Milbank Tweed store and manage 100% of their content in NetDocs. The only snag is OpenOffice. Our integrations with MS Office and Word Perfect make working on documents stored in the cloud no different than docs stored on the PC. And discovery documents, which I assume or TIFS or PDFs, can be opened in a dekstop or online viewer (there is also Zoho online editor built in). With OpenOffice you can still open and save docs with one click, you just can’t create new OpenOffice docs within NetDocuments.

    You can build your own network, use some encryption software and store all your stuff on some server in your office, then make sure everything is in the DropBox, or you can store you stuff with NetDocuments where every thing is stored at two redundant data centers. Primary being at the LexisNexis data center in Ohio and secondary at a federally regulated bank in Utah where all content is encrypted in transit and in storage.

    Our storage is a bit more expensive than storing your stuff in some unknown Amazon cloud with DropBox, but we give all accounts 2GB per user but are flexible depending on need. And you have the option to purchase more (I’ll see if I can get that clarified on the website).

    Software Infringement
    Just kidding.

    No Internet
    You can turn on an echo feature that keeps a locally stored copy of your most recently worked on documents for a specified number of days and syncs back up when internet returns.

    I hope I answered all of you questions?

    So with 10 attorneys, your going to need some type of server, manage that server, upgrade that server, make sure everyone is very very good in their naming conventions and organization…or there is NetDocuments where all attorneys can access all client related documents on one page, set permissions and rights (for interns, paralegals, co-counsel, etc.) at the document level, and use the exact same technology as the biggest firms in America without any overhead.


    The Tim Pawlenty of legal technology

    • Sam Glover Sam Glover says:

      You missed my main question: How do you get documents into and out of NetDocuments? Honestly, it feels like you (and the NetDocuments website) are avoiding this question, which makes me wonder how cumbersome it is to use.

      I see all the references to plugins, but (1) we use OpenOffice.org, which doesn’t have a plugin, and (2) I’m not interested in plugins; I want direct access to my files.

      Edit: Is this what I have to do for every document?

      If so, NetDocuments is nowhere near as convenient to use as Dropbox. Watching this video, it looks like it would take me roughly 10 times as long to save a document with NetDocuments as with Dropbox. I can’t imagine switching to something so cumbersome, for 2 lawyers or 100.

      As for searching, anyone with a basic knowledge of search operators can do all the search gymnastics NetDocuments can do, in half the time, with Windows Desktop Search or Spotlight.

      Edit 2: I see I can take a free test drive. I’m going to see for myself.

      Edit 3: Clumsy, one-at-a-time uploads. Yuck. Dropbox is elegant software. NetDocuments feels primitive by comparison. I can even upload multiple documents with FTP, which is as old as the internet. User interface (and aesthetics, for that matter), are important, NetDocuments. This isn’t ready for prime time.

      • My answer from above: “NetDocuments makes working on documents stored in the cloud no different than docs stored on the PC.” You just don’t believe me that you work the same way you do today so I shall describe the process as simply as I can.

        First, for the 99% that use MS Office or Word Perfect:
        Create (2 ways)
        1. In NetDocuments, you click ‘New Document’ which would open a dialog that allows you to choose which application (Excel, Word, Powerpoint etc.) you want to use and in what NetDocuments folder or matter workspace you are storing it in. Click open, and it automatically opens the application, you work, then you close the app. The standard dialog would pop up asking if you want to save changes. You click yes and it is saved.
        2. Open word, create and work on document, click save. Rather than showing you your local file directory, it takes you to NetDocuments and asks where you want to save it. If you put it in a matter centric workspace or folder, it automatically is inherits the profile for that matter making it easy to find in the future.

        It’s no different than what anyone does when storing stuff on an expensive server using funny encryption techniques.

        Editing Documents
        1. You click on the document. It opens in its native application. You work on it. You click save. It is magically saved, backed-up, encrypted in a world class data center.

        **Concurrency control: On your VPN network, how do you know if someone else in your org is working in a doc? It’s easy with one or two people but not with 3 or 10 or more. With NetDocuments, you have check-out/check-in concurrency control so you can see if someone else is currently working on a document and don’t waste time making edits while it is in read only mode.

        For Sam and any others that use Open Office:
        Editing is the exact same as above. Creating new documents however, takes one more step. That is that you must save it locally and then upload. Once it’s uploaded, it will act the same as Word. I’m not saying that in a solo or 2 attorney firm Open Office that NetDocuments is it, but for an MS Office or Word Perfect firm, it is the answer over using a server based DM or some toolbox of windows directory, file syncing, encryption, external hardrives etc.


        I went all the way with the cloud

        • As to your image that I failed to respond to: those fields are customizable and required by most large law firms. They will however, dynamically generate if saved to a specific matter.

          If you do not set up those fields initially, all you need to use is a file name.

        • Sam Glover Sam Glover says:

          Is this really the home screen, or does NetDocuments not recognize Chrome or Firefox as normal browsers?

          Oh, it wants IE. Yuck again.

          • Yes. Until the spring of 2011 you need IE for the full experience. I should’ve known you wouldn’t be using IE. This is due to our application integrations with MS Office, Adobe and others that allows you to save and edit documents without uploading/downloading or file syncing.

            Our new UI [New User Interface video is coming out in the spring and will be consistent across all browsers and give support for all browsers.

  13. Sam Glover Sam Glover says:

    Just for full disclosure, Danny is from NetDocuments, which provides web-based document management. I’ve been looking at the NetDocuments website, and I can’t figure out how it works. None of the videos seem to show how one would move documents between my computer and NetDocuments, open and save files using OpenOffice.org, or otherwise perform tasks I do with my file system dozens or hundreds of times per day. I’m curious because, while I love the idea of web-based document management, most options I have seen so far force me to download a file before I can edit it, and often require me to upload one file at a time. (Imagine doing that with hundreds of discovery documents!)

    Unless I can drag and drop files, open a file in OpenOffice.org just by double-clicking it, and so on, just as I can with my local files, I’m not interested in web-only storage (or NAS, for that matter). That’s why a VPN is so inconvenient, too. I don’t want to have to copy the file to my computer to edit it, then copy it back when I am done.

    It also looks like NetDocuments limits storage to 1 GB/user, or at most, 2 GB/user with the Pro+ account. That would be insufficient even for my small firm, and I don’t see any way to increase storage on either the pricing or add-ons pages.

    On the other hand, Dropbox keeps copies of my files on my hard drive, so that I can access them from my computer whenever I need them, internet connection or not. And it keeps them synced with everyone else so that we can all work with the same set of files.

    So as to your assertion that Dropbox (or SugarSync, or Box.net, or other cloud-based file syncing utilities) doesn’t scale, I’m curious as to why you say that. As long as we aren’t running into the 100 GB storage limit, and we maintain adequate standards (encryption of all client data on laptops or other mobile devices), I’m not sure why Dropbox would fail to meet our needs, even if we grow to 10 or more lawyers.

  14. Sam Glover Sam Glover says:

    Summary RE NetDocuments

    As far as I can tell, NetDocuments is built and targeted at companies using Internet Explorer and Microsoft Office or WordPerfect who don’t have a lot of files, and aren’t paperless (i.e., need to upload a lot of PDF files). Its integration with Office and WordPerfect are impressive, but it is extremely clumsy with other files, and unusable with any browser besides IE.

    Since none of those things apply to my firm, it’s a no-go.

    We’re a multi-platform office. If NetDocuments won’t run on a Mac or on Linux (where IE, and, in the latter case, Office and WordPerfect, aren’t options), it isn’t useful to us. We don’t use Microsoft Office. We don’t like spending a bundle when there are great, free alternatives like OpenOffice.org.

    Probably 75% or more of our files are PDF, as well, and we need to upload large batches of PDF documents at a time. That’s a no-go on NetDocuments.

    And seriously—Internet Explorer? Yuck. I won’t use anything that requires it.

    For firms that limit employees’ options to IE and Microsoft Office or WordPerfect, and dont handle many PDF files, and don’t have all that many documents in the first place, NetDocuments may be an option for document management.

    Don’t get me wrong, that is actually a pretty large market, but for a firm like ours, where flexibility in technology are key, cloud-based file sync like Dropbox or SugarSync are much better options. I’m not convinced that scaling has anything to do with it, either. I think Dropbox (or SugarSync, if Dropbox doesn’t get on the stick with nested shared folders soon) will only be more useful as our firm grows.

  15. Sam Glover Sam Glover says:

    Any chance the 2011 version will also support Mac, Linux, OpenOffice.org, Acrobat (it may have this already, but the website isn’t clear), and allow batch uploading/downloading? I think you’d be surprised how many firms want one or more of these things.

    • 2011 will support Mac but not open office. And yes, it already supports Acrobat.
      I don’t think NetDocuments is a good fit for a OpenOffice using firm either but there is zero demand for that.

      So your analysis is sound except for the “not good for firms with a lot of files or PDFs.” I’ll revert back to the Red Sox for that statement coming from left field. I couldn’t imagine 15 attorney’s collaborating on documents using a file syncing tool

      For example, Dorsey and Whitney (1500+ attorney firm), in your neck of the woods, has all of their million plus documents in NetDocuments, searchable and easy to locate and I could name 6-10 more firms off the top of my head with at least that many documents in NetDocuments. And most of those docs were existing when they moved to the cloud. My numbers aren’t accurate but I think about 200 million+ documents reside in the system.


      I got 99 problems but a server and local network aren’t one.

  16. I have been looking into SugarSync, since it has an iPad app that would allow me to access my file documents on the fly in court. How does its EULA, encryption, etc. compare with DropBox? Am I facing the same issues?

  17. Marriott says:

    Good discussion. There is quite a bit of confusion in the marketplace surrounding what a cloud solution is, how multi-tenancy creates value, and how data hosting outside of the law firm can actually be safer and more redundant than a terminal server or VPN.

    The Software-as-a-Service industry has birthed a host of consumerish programs (like dropbox) that won’t hold up to scrutiny of security, architecture, and accessibility. However, there are major players in this space who currently store and manage millions of leading firms documents with the LexisNexis datacenter stamp. These firms share server space with leading financial institutions and publicly traded companies. In my opinion, if the global law firms with thousands of attorneys and 50+ offices can host with these DMS providers then I can sleep at night, knowing they have done their due diligence.

  18. Sam Glover Sam Glover says:

    For those spooked by this discussion, I’d check out Wuala. I don’t know if it is as slick as Dropbox, but Wuala explicitly encrypts the data on your computer and takes additional steps to keep it secure.

    Plus, the pricing is better than Dropbox.

  19. People have this impression that somehow data stored on their local computers is somehow necessarily more secure than data stored in the cloud. First, if data is going to be targeted for theft, it’s likely to be targeted for theft by people you associate with – employees, other lawyers, former employees, etc. Second, obviously most networks are not nearly as secure as the people who own them think they are. If you fail to patch software, install updates, use suitably robust encryption on wireless networks, then your data is open for digital theft.

    Just cause data is physically located in your server closet or on your desktop computer does not make it necessarily secure.

    Some cloud computing platforms are not secure, others are. People need to be wary of how their data is stored, regardless of the location. This debate of cloud vs. desktop/local network is sort of beside the point.

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