What If Anyone Could Give Legal Advice? (Part 4)

If we all woke up one day and found that statues prohibiting the Unauthorized Practice of Law (UPLs) had simply disappeared, making it legal for anyone to give legal advice, what would happen?

We’ve looked at the effects of such a change on poor, middle-class, and wealthy clients and organizations that require legal services.

But how would lawyers react? Would they jump off tall buildings? Riot in the streets? Occupy courthouses coast-to-coast? Or just become better and more efficient at their jobs? And if they couldn’t do that, would they just go do something else for a living

As we discussed earlier, successful lawyers working for wealthy clients would not find their lives changed much. Their clients are able and willing to pay for the degree from the prestigious law school, the fancy office, the sky-high fees, etc.

For lawyers representing the poor, it’s a fascinating question. Legal aid organizations would still exist, as they are well-established and generally considered effective. But if they could deliver their services by employing non-lawyer experts for simpler tasks, they could stretch their budgets further and do more good. Public defender organizations, whose budgets are an easy bipartisan target for cuts, could do likewise.

Lawyers who work for poor clients on contingency fees would have nothing to fear from this change either, as their clients pay the lawyer only after a settlement or judgment. These attorneys could advertise their “traditional” lawyer status and presumably continue to do well.

But what of that large group of lawyers that serve the middle class and largely are paid by the hour? They’d face real challenges.

Over the years, state bar associations and the ABA snatched out-of-court legal services that had been performed by non-lawyer experts and had them reserved to lawyers only. If law practice were deregulated, as some commentators have advocated, it would be that previously non-lawyer work, like advising people on the state of the law and assisting them in preparing and filing documents, that would again be offered by non-lawyers. Those clients could ultimately be pro se if the matter were litigated, but of course, they could lawyer-up at any time. If UPLs disappeared I don’t imagine a lot of non-lawyers would attempt to become courtroom attorneys. That work requires mastery of not only of statutes but of case law, court rules and procedures, as well as some skill at public speaking.

So lawyers who do only out-of-court work would be the most likely to lose middle-class clients. These attorneys currently work in areas like property law, insurance, contracts, wills and estate planning, and advising small businesses and non-profits. There would be downward pressure on fees, and lawyers would have to determine how to distinguish themselves from not only other lawyers but from non-lawyer experts as well.

Law firms that currently serve business clients might also face competition from accounting firms, management consulting firms, insurance agencies, and other non-lawyer experts currently restricted from providing legal advice in the areas where they are experts.

This would make a tough economy even tougher on some attorneys, but it would provide consumers with lower costs and more choices. I’m convinced that most consumers would prefer that to the current system.


  1. Avatar Matt says:

    And what if anyone could practice medicine? Is that also a good idea? Same logic applies. We could hire doctors, pharmacists, nurses, physical therapists, occupational therapists and the like for a lot less. Same goes for teachers, financial advisers, engineers, and etc. The problem is the average person doesn’t understand the issues involved in the law. So when you go to a layman attorney you have no assurance that the given person knows squat about what he’s doing. Could some do an adequate job? I’m sure. But that’s not the point. The point is to maximize the quality of practiced law and protect the public’s interest. If you’re not capable of going to law school then I don’t really want you writing a will, a complex estate transaction, representing someone in a divorce, representing someone in a custody dispute, writing a patent , structuring a corporation formation agreement, and etc. Those things simply seem like pieces of paper being transferred by one person to the next. But those pieces of paper encompass a phenomenal set of rights. Lives can be completely destroyed with a few strokes (or “missed strokes” )of the pen.

  2. Avatar JP says:

    Matt – you may not realize it, but the healthcare services industry is well ahead of the legal services industry in terms of disaggregation. Medical services such as CAT scan analysis, raiology reports, medical note transciption and remote diagnosis are commonly outsourced. A substantial number of countries allow this practice in legal services today and none of them report significant issues of this nature. In this realm, the Legal Services Board in England recently studied Will-Writing and found that “will-writers” (non-solicitors) produced documents that were as highly rated as those from solicitors (in fact, wills from banks scored much higher than those from solicitros). This isn’t to say that all legal services could be opened to the general public with no reprecussions, but the disatrous predicitions that are often thorwn around these days are overstated.

  3. Avatar Jeremiah says:

    “What If Anyone Could Give Legal Advice?”

    Waddya mean “if”? With how comically low the standards have become for entering law school, graduating, and passing a bar exam, I’m pretty sure the only qualification for being able to practice law is having a pulse…lol

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